An Evaluation of Housing Quality in Two Types of Conventional Housing vs. Apartments, (Case Study: Haft Hoz Neighborhood and the 1st Phase of Ekbatan Community in Tehran)

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.U.D., Faculty of Arts and Architecture , Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

2 PhD Candidate , Faculty of Arts and Architecture , Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.

3 M.U.D., Faculty of Arts and Architecture , Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.


This research is done with an aim to compare the quality of housing in the two common appartment form on the rendering of main indexes of housing quality through two pre-designed neighbourhoods of Haft HozNeighborhood and the first phase of Ekbatan commmunity in the city of Tehran. Indexes of housing quality are extracted from the internal and external resources and are subjected to question by using questionnaires. descriptive -analytic is the methodology of the research and a hierarchical process analysis was used to give weight to the Criterions and sub-criterions. Analytical Hierarchy Process Model have been applied.TheFindings of the research shows that quality of housing is almost the same, in both case studies, from the point of view of the inhabitants Although the more comparative analysis of the results, indicates noticeable differences of two case studies in housing quality criterions. Haft Hoz neighbourhood has acquired higher points in the criterions of Social conditions , Local conditions and Residential Units facilities while Ekbatan is best evaluated in terms of the criterions of Physical condition of the housing, Residential Units architecture and cost. Necessity of concurrent notice to social-cultural criterions in housing design, improvement the quality of residential neighborhoods, considering Climate and Native features of the target society and improvement of skeleton-physicalstandards of residential buildings, are suggested of this research to improve housing quality.


  1. Arevalo, R. Chamorro, J. M. (2003). “A Quality Index for Spanish Housing”, Departamento de Economía Aplicada,
  2. Azizi, M., MohammadNejad, S. (2007), A comparative study of two models of residential complexes, Journal of Honarhaye-Ziba, Vol. 32, pp. 27-38 (in Persian)
  3. Bazi, Kh., Kiyani, A., Razi, A. (2010), Analysis of sustainable housing development plan, Journal of Chem-Andaze Zagros, Vol. 3, pp. 25-46 (in Persian)
  4. Bazi, Kh., Javaheri, A., Abdollahpour, A. (2011), Differential analysis of spatial neighborhood of the city of Zabol in having healthy housing indicators, Journal of Joqrafia va Barnameh rizi Mohiti, Vol. 43, pp. 185-202 (in Persian)
  5. Cai, H. (2004). “Toward Sustainable Housing: A comparative study of examples in China and Sweden”, Master’s Thesis for Lund University International Master’s Program in Environmental Science (LUMES)
  6. Eyni-Far, A. (2000), Human-environmental factors affecting the design of housing complexes, Journal of Honarhaye-Ziba, Vol. 8, pp. 109-118 (in Persian)
  7. Fathalian, M., Partoe, P. (2011), A comparative study of quality of life in the context of the car and planned to Eslamshahr, Journal of Motaleat Tatbighi Honar, Vol. 1, pp. 91-108 (in Persian)
  8. Gifford, R. & Lacombe, C. (2006). “Housing quality and childrens socioemotional health”, J Housing Built Environ, V. 21, P: 177-189
  9. Habibi, M., Ahari, Z. (2004), Study qualitative aspects of housing in Iran, Tehran (in Persian)
  10. Kurian, S. M. & Thampuran, A. (2011). “Assessment of Housing Quality”, Institute of Town Planners, India Journal 8 – 2, 74-85
  11. Lotfi, H., Ahmadi, A., HasanZadeh-Farjood, D. (2009), Indicators and essential component of planning and rural housing policy in Iran, Journal of Amayesh, Vol. 7, pp. 89-109 (in Persian)
  12. Maliene, V. Malys, N. (2009). “High-quality housing - A key issue in delivering sustainable communities”, Building and Environment, V. 44, P 426-430
  13. Meng, G. Hall, G. B. (2006). “Assessing housing quality in metropolitan Lima, Peru”, J Housing Built Environ, V. 21, P: 413-439
  14. Pour-Mohammadi, M. R. (2006), Housing Planning, Publisher Samt, Tehran (in Persian)
  15. Sartipi-Pour, M. (2005), Indicators of rural housing architecture in Iran, Journal of Honarhaye-Ziba, Vol. 22, pp. 43-52 (in Persian)
  16. Shamae, A., Jahani, R. (2011), Effects of vertical development in the neighborhood identity, Journal of Motaleat Shahre Irani-Eslami, Vol. 6, pp. 73-82 (in Persian)
  17. Sharipah, N. (2011). “Quality Affordable Housing: A Theoretical Framework for Planning and Design of Quality Housing”, Journal of Techno-Social
  18. Turkoglu, H. D. (1997). “Residents’ satisfaction of housing environments: the case of Istanbul, Turkey”, Landscape and Urban Planning, V. 39, P:55-67
  19. Zabihi, H., Habib, F., Rahbari Manesh, K. (2011), The relationship between the degree of satisfaction of residential and residential complex impact on human relationships, Journal of Hoviate-Shahr, Vol. 8, pp. 103-118 (in Persian)
  20. Zebardast, S. (2001), Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process in Urban and Regional Planning, Journal of Honarhaye-Ziba, Vol. 10, pp. 13-21 (in Persian)

 Online  references