Organizing the Cultural, Historical Axes of Qazvin City with Contextualism Approach, (Case Study: Street Peighambarieh)

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.U.D, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Professor of Urban Design and Planning, College of Arts and Architecture, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran


Given that Peighambarieh street in the historical context And valuable Qazvin, Which has historical and cultural, But it seems This street appeared during the time period until today, There were many inconsistencies, Therefore, it is necessary that this study, considering all the physical and non-cellular factors affecting the range, Provide solutions for it. Research Objectives include: 1- Recognizing elemental identity elements and providing strategies for strengthening the desired elements and undermining undesirable elements, redefined identity; 2. developing solutions for the physical and cultural reconstruction of the historical-cultural center of Qazvin Emphasizing the context-oriented approach. Descriptive - analytic research method by relying on the background of the research and review documents related to the historical context of Qazvin and field studies, on the other hand, analyzes the issue. Finally, to answer the main research question (In the organization of the cultural-historical axis How to use the principles of the context-oriented approach is the space useful for users?). The findings show that by organizing the sector-based identity elements Contains: Chharanbya, Grand Hotel, Shahrbani, mosque panje-Ali and Alighapou building you can revive the historical context on this street, also adding new roles to historical spaces, to create charm and socialization Thereby attracting people to these spaces and also helped promote cultural background. On the other hand to improve the pavement path of this street from the footage combining GoleBoteh designs and to organize the walls Use wall paintings it has been suggested to combine GoleBoteh & GoleMorgh.


  1. Ali Mohammadi, A. and  Kakrud, rointan Keshayeh, Mousavi (2011), Field-oriented architecture in the tissues, the National Congress building, road, architecture, Islamic Azad University, Chaloos unit, March 1390 (In Persian)
  2. Adel Far, B. Farahani Fard, R. (2011), Qazvin city anatomy during the Safavid period, Journal of Social History Research, Humanities Research and Cultural Studies, First year, Second year, Autumn and Winter 2011, pp. 70-51(In Persian)
  3. Bahraini, H. (2009), Aanalyzed the theoretical foundations of contemporary urban design, the first volume, first edition, Tehran University Press,Teh Tehran (In Persian)
  4. Brolin, B. (1980), Context-oriented architecture: new buildings with the old adaptation, translation Rezazadeh, Raziyeh, 2004, Tehran, publishing soil
  5. Baher, F. Khaled, O. (2016), Toward a new vision to design a museum in historical places, HBRC Journal (2016) , pp. 1-13
  6. Dehnavi, N. (2011), Museum and School of Architecture, context-oriented approach, master's theses, engineering architecture, architectural trends, Islamic Azad University of Qazvin (In Persian)
  7. Diba, D. ganji Khyber, A. Shahcheraghi, A. (2015), Follow the form of the data: Field-oriented architecture in the digital age, Journal of Iranian Society of Architecture and Urban Development, Number 63, pp. 63-82 (In Persian)
  8. Erfani, G. designs, E. (2010), Accounting from word to deed, the journal of Baghnazar, Number 13 (In Persian)
  9. Goudarzi, S. and Bahramnezhad, F. Sardari Mamaghani, N. (2011), Field-oriented architecture (architecture interact with the physical environment), conference on sustainable architecture and urban development (In Persian)
  10. Imani, E. (2015), reviews the different approaches to adapt to the field To strengthen our position in the process of programmed field-oriented architecture, Journal of Iranian Society of Architecture and Urban Development, Number 29, pp. 29-44 (In Persian)
  11. Ismailian, S. Pourjafar, M.R (2012), In search of urban space network standards that shape the historical context of Iran (Case Study: Isfahan, Dardasht), Urban Management Journal, Number 31, Summer 1392, pp.65-82 (In Persian)
  12. Keshavarz Safyei, F. (2003), renovation part of Historical and cultural axis of Qazvin, Design Museum, master's theses, engineering, architecture, architectural trends, Islamic Azad University of Qazvin (In Persian)
  13. Majedi, H. Zarabadi, Z.(2010), The town labeled as field-oriented city, Journal of Cultural Studies, Number 3, pp. 1-21 (In Persian)
  14. Mir Moghtadaei, M. (2004), The criteria to determine the physical identity towns, the journal of fine arts, Number 19, pp. 17-26 (In Persian)
  15. Pakzad, J. (2006), "Portrait of the city: Kevin Lynch is what you see", Journal of the Abadi, Year Sixteenth, Number 18, Volume 53, pp. 20 -25 (In Persian)
  16. Pourjafar, M.R Nofal, A. Kolbady, P. (2007), review and evaluation of effective urban identity (Case Study: Neighborhood Julfa in Isfahan), Journal of Armanshahr, Number 3, Winter 1388, pp. 57-69 (In Persian)
  17. Preston, K. (1995) Historical Contextualism : The New Historicism?, , History of European Ideas, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 209-233
  18. Qobadian, V. (2007) studied climatic traditional buildings, publications, Tehran University, Tehran (In Persian)
  19. Richard M. Lerner. and Marjorie B. (1985) Kauffman. The Concept of Development in Contextualism, , pp.309-333
  20. Rezvani, S. Mannyfar, H. (2012), Context-oriented architecture, Construction Engineering Organization Qazvin Province (In Persian)
  21. Sayyaf, A. and Mirei, M. and Noudeh Farahani, M. (2012), The role of quality in the urban landscape Create social life and identity of place (Case study: Highway Nawab), Journal of Iranian- Islamic cities, Number Eleventh, Spring 1392, pp. 29-39 (In Persian)
  22. Soheili, J. (2013), Context-oriented architecture, Proceedings of the students, First Edition, Tehran, publishing jewel of knowledge (In Persian)
  23. Sharifian, M. and Zamani, B. (2010), Context-oriented: Rasim Bad ran’s handwriting practice Contemporary architecture of Islam, Second National Conference on Islamic Architecture and Urbanism (In Persian)
  24. ShahTimuri, Y. and Mazahryan, H. (2012), Directive for the design of new structures in historical context, the journal of Fine Arts – Architecture & Urban Planning, Volume 17, Number 4, pp. 29-40 (In Persian)
  25. Tavassoly, M. (1995), The rules and standards of urban design, Center for Urban Studies and Architecture (In Persian)
  26. Tolaee, N. (2001), Contextualism in urban, Journal of the Fine Arts Quarterly, Number 10, pp. 34 -43 (In Persian)
  27. Turkic-zaban, Sh. And Mohammad Moradi, A. (2011), criteria architectural design in the context of historical, Journal of city and vernacular architecture, Number 1 (In Persian)