Redesigning Urban Spaces with an Emphasis on the Relationship Between the Physical Environment of the City and the Behavior of Citizens (Case Study: Adl Street in Qazvin)

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.U.D, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin Branch, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Professor,College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Urban spaces are considered as important elements in the urban structure. These spaces are scenes in which the general activities of urban life take place and they are able to provide an opportunity for the development of innovations for the people and to act as a recreational and constructive environment in an urban collection to provide a setting while every human being would need to perceive his or her position. One of the factors in satisfaction and gratification of citizens toward the city and urban spaces is the effective connections of spaces and different land uses with the states and behaviors of the individuals. A theory is necessary to describe the urban spaces and to make models of reality. Therefore, new paradigms like environmental psychology and behavioral sciences came into being which attracted the public attention to a viewpoint to conduct the human studies in urban design. According to this, we must identify the behavioral patterns of the space users by identifying the behavioral mechanisms of the citizens in physical environments to provide multi-functional, flexible spaces that are responsive to the citizens.Unfortunately, in spite of many capabilities for enhancing the behavioral patterns and social interactions of the people, several urban spaces are degenerated due to the lack of attendance and attention to their physical environment as they are no more hosting citizens.The following research is a descriptive-analytic type which is done in a qualitative method with the aim of redesigning the urban spaces with regard to the influence of the physical environment on the behavior of the citizens. An effort was then made based on the field data and registering the behaviors by observations and through the subjective images of the citizens, it was analysed by using subjective questionnaire and SWOT matrix, and eventually a number of recommendations are presented to organize and redesign the Adl street in Qazvin in order to enhance the behavioral pattern of the citizens.


  1. al ,(2003), Public Places-Urban Spaces:The dimension of urban design. New York, ArchitecturalPress.
  2. Daneshgar Moghaddam, Golrokh, Seyyed Hossein, Bahreini, Alireza, Eynifar (2011). Analysis of physical sociability which is influenced by the perception of nature in the artificial environment (Case study: Instances of residential units in Hamedan city), Fine arts magazine, issue 45, Spring 2011.
  3. Gehl, Jan ,(1987), Life between bulding, Translated by J. Koch,New York.
  4. Khatibi, Mohammadreza (2013). Mutual influence of behavioral patterns on reviving identity of the region (Case study:  Openning are of Sanandaj city). City identity quarterly, issue. 13, vol. 7, Spring.
  5. Lang, Jon (2010). Creating architectural theory: role of behavioral sciences in environment design, Reans: Eynifar, Alireza, Tehran university press.
  6. Lynch, Kevin (1972), The openness of open space. Art of environment. Aidan Ellis.
  7. Lynch, Kevin (1972), The openness of open space. Art of environment. Aidan Ellis.
  8. Lynch, Kevin (2011). Good city form, Trans: Bahraini, Seyyed Hossein, 5th ed., Tehran university press.
  9. Mortazavi, Shahnaz (2001). Environmental psychology and its applications, First edition, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU) publications.
  10. Motallebi, Ghasem (2001). Environmental psychology: a new science serving the architecture and urban design, Fine arts journal, winter 2011, issue 52.
  11. Moughtin, Cliff ,19955,Urban design : ornament and decoration
  12. Pakzad, Jahanshah (2014). Theoretical basis and the urban design process, Shahidi publications.
  13. Pourjafar, Mohammadreza; Sadeghi, Alireza (2009). Governing rules in aimful design of urban index viewpoints, City identity journal, autumn and winter 2008, issue 3.
  14. Rahbari Manesh, Kamal; Rahmati zadeh, Ali (2012). Analysing the physical factors in the educational environment in order to enhance the learning process of the children, regional conference of architectural news, Sama faculty in Shooshtar, 2012.
  15. T. Hall, Edward (1997). The hidden dimension, Trans: Manouchehr Tayyebian, Tehran university press.
  16. Whyte, W (1980), Social Life of Small Urban Space, Consevation Foundation.