Evaluating Sustainable Neighborhood Development for the Elderly with Emphasis on Physical and Social Sustainability: Case Study: Neighborhoods in District 8 of Tehran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Geography and Urban Planning, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Departmentof urban engineering, Oloom va Fonon Daryayei, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The aging process starts from birth. According to the American Nutrition Association, old age refers to natural, progressive, and irreversible physiological changes. One of the criteria for assessing the quality of space is the presence of special social groups. The elderly are also part of this group that, with their presence, can contribute to the sustainability and vitality of urban spaces and thereby improve their quality. The city and the permanent neighborhoods are a place where the organization and refurbishment of all services are tailored to the needs of the elderly and it provide sustainable environment for the next elderly generation. The purpose of this study was evaluation of sustainable neighborhood development for the elderly with emphasis on physical and social sustainability of District 8 of Tehran. The research method is descriptive-analytical and of a practical type. Through the library method, 384 questionnaires have been completed based on the formula for determining the sample size by elderly people through field studies. The data was analyzed by SPSS software and related assumptions were analyzed through single-variable t-test. The results obtained from the viewpoint of the elderly are related to physical criteria only to meet their basic needs and social indicators below the standard considered in the research (2.5). Therefore, both dimensions are far from reaching the standard status. Finally, in line with the shortcomings and weaknesses of the region, suggestions are presented.


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