The Identification of the Elements Effective on the Resilient Design of emergency evacuation ways against Fire

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate professor, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Abstract: Identifying the factors affecting the emergency evacuation process of the occupants at critical times in the burning building and how to exit them to a safe place from fire hazards can play a critical role in the rescue management. An important prerequisite for emergency evacuation of a burning architectural building is the assumption that safety measures designed for the building's architecture against a potential fire are capable of providing appropriate behavioral conditions for effective emergency evacuation at the time of the fire by building occupants. The emergency evacuation process will play an important role in the sustainable design of a building against fire. A review of the scientific literature on the factors affecting emergency evacuation performance in a burning architecture showed that the occupants' behavior was influenced by the architectural environment around them and the burning framework of its own cinemorph building creates its own, which can be quite different to the cinemorph designed by the architect of a different building but also opposed. Studies in the research background show that in order to achieve the evacuation model, there is a pressing need to collect data from the three components of structural characters, fire characters and human characters. This article aims to rank the factors affecting emergency evacuation in the burning building by investigating the impact of each of these characters and identifying the subsets criterion of these characters by extracting data from the questionnaires based on Lisrel's structural equation method and software analysis, and the impact of each criterion. Finally, a conceptual model of the factors influencing successful emergency evacuation in a burning architecture frameworks proposed.


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