An Analysis of Sustainable Regeneration Considering Urban Green Infrastructure Indicators with an Institutional Participation Approach (Case: the City of Lahijan)

Document Type : Original Article


Department of urban planning, Faculty of architecture and urban planning, Qazvin branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


As an urban life support system and as a new method in planning,green infrastructure design can be more effective in the function of natural systems of cities through integration in sustainable regeneration processes as well as integrated and coordinated management of organizations involved. Multiple management systems and disharmony of state organizations and institutions in charge of urban regeneration in green infrastructure is one of the main issues in urban management. In this regard, using green infrastructure indicators in regeneration programs, in this research, conducted in Lahijan in 2019,the organizational relationships of staff members, including state institutions of the city were examined. Also,using descriptive-analytical method and library information, as well as 400 questionnaires distributed among local residents and 50 interviews with city managers as the staff members, after analysis and implication of the data through Pearson correlation,SPSS and social network analysis in UCINET environment, the connection between urban green infrastructure indicators and sustainable regeneration was determined, and the interactions of institutions involved in regeneration were studied.According to the results of the questionnaires, a significance level of under 0.01 was found for green infrastructure and sustainable regeneration components; therefore,as a certain level, the relationship between the indicators of green infrastructure and sustainable regeneration was measured 0.95. In terms of environmental indicators,due to higher correlation coefficients and mean, the impact was higher than the other two indicators.State institutions have a high ability to preserve the urban green heritage by increasing the inter-institutional interactions and awareness.Therefore,in order to realize this approach,it is necessary to raise the awareness of each institution and collaboration among actors to increase the executive power of the staff committee members.Accordingly,the executive power of institutions is based on inter-institutional relations and collaboration and increasing the managers' knowledge about sustainable indicators of regeneration in the rehabilitation of urban green infrastructure of Lahijan.


  1. Akbari, A. and Ansari, M. (2016). "Analysis of The Impact of Environmental Quality on Improving the Quality of Life of Citizens of Parks in District 6 of Tehran", 4th National Conference on Sustainable Development in Geography and Planning, Architecture and Urban Planning, Tehran, Mehr Education Institute. Arvand, Center for Sustainable Development Solutions, pp. 98-120
  2. Babaei, M. and Ebrahimi, S. (2016). Study of Integrated Management Components in Isfahan, Quarterly Journal of Urban Economics, 1st Year, 1st Issue, pp. 35-54
  3. Pouya Naghsh Shahr O Bana, Consulting Engineers, (2013). Master Plan of Lahijan, Regional Studies and Current Situation. 1st Volume, General Department of Roads and Urban Development of Guilan Province, Ministry of Roads and Urban Development.
  4. Khabiri, S.and Alvandipour, N., (2017). Lessons from Regeneration of Urban Spaces, Riversides. 1st Edition, Tehran, Organization of Urban Development and Enhancement.
  5. Danesh Shakib, M., Mehrbakhsh, S., Hosseini, S., and Parvizi, R., (2016). Regeneration of Historical Tissue in line with Sustainable Urban Development (Case Study of Lahijan Historical Urban Tissue). 4th International Congress of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urban Development, Tehran, Permanent Secretariat of the Conference, Shahid Beheshti University.
  6. Rahnama, M., and Karimi, A., (2012). Ecological City Planning: Policies, Experiences and Design (by: Tai Chi Wong, Belinda Euen). Mashhad: Jahad Daneshgahi Publications.
  7. Rusta, Majid. (2011). Explaining the Position of Various Institutions (state, public, private, NGOs, etc.) in the renovation of worn-out tissues. Research project commissioned by the Tehran Renovation Organization.
  8. Firoozi, M. Amanpour, S. and Zarei, J. (2017). Analysis of Inter-Institutional Relations in the Management of Sustainable Urban Regeneration of Worn-Out Tissues (Case study: Ahvaz Metropolis), Quarterly Journal of Urban Studies, No. 23, pp. 19-30
  9. Kazemian, G. and Saeedi Rezvani, N. (2004). Feasibility Study of Assigning New Tasks to Municipalities: Proposing and Feasibility Study of Assigning New Tasks to Iranian Municipalities. Volume 5. Tehran: Publications of the Municipalities Organization.
  10. Khatami Far, N., Ghalehnoee, M., Hanachi, P. (2019). 'Investigating the Consequences Arising from Regeneration Policy in the Historical Fabric of the City of Bushehr, Case study: Construction of the Faculty of Art and Architecture', Space Ontology International Journal, 8(1), pp. 35-51.
  11. Moradi Chalgani, D. (2016). Redefining Inter-Organizational Relations in the Urban Decision-making Environment in order to Improve the Quality of Life, with Emphasis on Reducing the Risk for Cultural Heritage in Isfahan. PhD Thesis in Urban Planning. Shahid Beheshti University.
  12. Mohebifar, A., Sobhieh, M., Rafieian, Mojtaba., Hasas Yeganeh., Yahya. and Elahi, Shaban. (2017). The Rule of Inefficient Regeneration of Tehran with a Network Approach. Bagh Nazar, 14 (53): 5-14
  13. Masoudi, M. (2016). Green and Blue Infrastructure. 3rd International Congress of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urban Development, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
  14. Mohammadi Doust, S. (2012). Public-Private Partnership, New Strategy in the Rehabilitation and Regeneration of Worn-out Urban Tissues. Haft Shahr, 41 and 42: 58-71
  15. Moayedzadeh, H. (2020). The Impact of Urban Green Space on the Quality of Life of Citizens in Ahvaz Metropolis, Urban Research and Planning, Volume 11, No. 41, pp 23-36
  16. Moazeni, K., Rafieian, M., Izadi, M., Salehi, E. (2018). 'Explaining a Conceptual Model for Sustainable Regeneration of the River Valleys of the City of Tehran (Case study: Darakeh River Valley in Tehran)', Space Ontology International Journal, 7(3), pp. 55-70
  17. Najafi, R., Hojjat, H., and Karimi Amirkiasari, M., (2013). Ecotourism and its Role in Sustainable Development of Urban Tourism (Case study of Lahijan). The First National Conference on Tourism, Geography and Sustainable Environment, Hamedan, Hegmataneh Association of Environmental Assessors, No. 11, pp. 27-36.
  18. Bailey, D.& Koney, K. M. (1995). Community based consortia: one model for creation and development, Journal of community practice, (2) (1).
  19. Bikar, V., Capron, H. and Cincera, M. (2004). An Integrated Scheme for the Evaluation on Institutional set-Ups: The case of the Belgian Regional Innovation system. Working Paper- University Liber De Brielle’s.
  20. Benedict, M.A. and McMahon, E.T.,­ (2006). Green infrastructure: Linking landscapes and communities, Island Press, Washington, DC.Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, Vol. 162, Issue ES1. Pg 23–34
  21. Borgatti .Stephen P. (2005). Centrality and network flow, Social Networks 2755–71.
  22. Couch, C., Sykes, O. (2011). Wolfgang Börstinghaus January, Thirty years of urban regeneration in Britain, Germany and France:  The importance of context and path dependency, Volume 75, Issue 1, Pages 1–52,
  23. Ely, M. and  Pitman, S.,­ (2014).­ Green Infrastructure Life support for human habitats, Botanic Gardens of South Australia.
  24. Gazendam, H.W.,(2000) Coordination Mechanisms in multi-actor systems, Netherlands: Twente University.
  25. Haddad larijani, A.,­ (2016).­ Sustainable Urban Development,­ concepts,­ features,­ and  indicators, Journal of International Academic Institute for Science and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 1, , pp. 208-213.
  26. Marcucci, D.­J. &­­ Jordan, L.­M.,­ (2013).­­ Benefits and challenges of linking  green infrastructure and highway planning in the United States, Journal of Environmental Management, 51: pp. 182 - 197.
  27. Raheem, N., (2014) Using the institutional analysis and development (IAD) framework to analyze the aceo De las Gallinas, New Mexico. The Social Science Journal, 51(3), pp. 447-454.
  28. Richards, D. & Smith, M.J. (2002). Governance and Public Policy in the UK, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  29. Ying, Y ., Shou, Y., & Wu, X. (2005). Empirical Analysis of Urban Management and Public Services in Chinese Cities. International Conference on Services Systems and Services Management , China.