Architectural concepts and ideas in the designs and buildings of Andre Godard in Iran

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Architecture, Faculty Architecture and Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The subject of this research is the study of the architectural features used in the architectural designs of Andre Godard. The importance of this issue is that it seems that the variety of concepts and ideas of Godard's designs is not yet sufficiently known and he is best known for some of his famous projects, such as the Museum of Ancient Iran. The purpose of this research is to recognize and study architectural concepts and ideas in Andre Godard architectural designs in Iran. The research question is what were the sources of inspiration and architectural references of Andre Godard for designing architectural spaces in Iran? The theoretical foundations of the research are based on the idea that attention to history and archeology has been important since the Renaissance, especially from the eighteenth century onwards in Europe, and from the beginning of the contemporary century in Iran and it is reflected in some architectural designs, content analysis research method has been used to examine each of Godard's architectural works and descriptive-analytical and comparative research methods have been used to compare them with Iranian buildings. The results of the research show that in the first place, after a period of research in Iran, Godard was acquainted with many different concepts and ideas in Iranian architecture and tried to use Iranian patterns in cultural projects, but in designing the campus of the University of Tehran and the building of the Faculty of Medicine, which was considered a new space in Iran and had no previous examples in Iran, he used European neoclassical architectural patterns.


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