Identification Catalytic Projects of Development Based on Social Capital in Surrounding Areas of Imam Reza Holy Shrine (Case Study :Noghan Neighborhood in Mashhad)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of architecture and urbanism, Faculty of civil engineering, Sajad University, Mashhad, Iran


The historical texture of the city reflects the identity of the city and has hidden values within it which need to be identified and used to restore the context. These values can be named as social capital to preserve the old textures. Urban catalyst project is suggested as one of the late approaches in the process of urban regeneration. This use elements and values in the Current Situation to define stimulants for changes in the Context. Urban catalyst involving number of projects that lead to the development and its effect on further progression. The main purpose of this research is to build a robust and participatory society based on the relationship between social capital and urban catalyst project. In fact this goal focuses on social and public aspects beside physical and economic ones. For examining relationships between social capital and development catalyst project, Noghan Religious District in Mashhad, one of the oldest settlements adjacent to the Razavi shrine, has been evaluated. As a result, Combined research method has been used. The relationship between these two variables have been surveyed through field research and questionnaire distribution in society which includes people and experts and the structural equation method(SEM) used to examine the relationship between variables. According to the findings, the potentials of society in the form of social capital can provide ground for the development catalyst project in the texture. Therefore, development catalyst project has a significant correlation with social capital to improve the context.


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